In Japan, most of the primary energy supplied domestically is dependent on fossil fuels from the Middle East. In addition to coal and petroleum, the dependence on fossil fuels accounts for 89% of the total primary energy, as the consumption of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) used for thermal power plants and others has increased since the Great East Japan Earthquake. Furthermore, the energy self-sufficiency rate in Japan for primary energy is only 8.3%.
In order to fundamentally solve the worsening problem of global warming, countries around the world have set targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions under international frameworks such as SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals), the Paris Agreement, and are accelerating efforts to realize the goals. Japan has also set a reduction target of 26% by 2030 compared to 2013.
As one of the new energy sources, hydrogen is expected to simultaneously solve the issues of assuring the energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Hydrogen can be generated from various energy sources such as renewable energy and has the environmental characteristic of not emitting CO2 when used. Also, it is able to act as an energy carrier to store, transport and use energy. Yanmar is promoting R&D towards utilization of hydrogen energy. In order to contribute to the deployment of fuel cells to small vessels, we conduct pilot programs aimed at establishing safety guidelines with countries and other enterprises.